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A septic tank is a type of On Site Sewage Facility (OSSF) to households not connected to public sewer pipes. Septic tanks function as sewage treatment systems in twenty five percent of the households in North America.
How Septic Tanks Work
The septic device consists of a 1000 or 2000 gallon tank attached to a waste water pipeline on one edge and a drainfield one the other edge. Waste is removed from the home to the septic tank where it's sorted into solids and liquids. Weighty solids plummet and produce a foundation sludge layer while light solids float and produce an upper layer of scum. The anaerobic bacterial environment that exists in the waterproof tank putrefies the 2 layers to liquid waste that's afterwards discharged to a drain field, otherwise known as a leachfield or a disposal field. The leach field refines sewage with a series of pierced piping shooting through underground dugouts full of gravel. As liquid waste trickles out of the pipes, into the gravel and through the soil - filtration occurs through which liquid waste is neutralized from unsafe substances and is channeled to neighborhood water pools as potable water.
Signs of Septic Tank Failure
- Slow drainage of showers, tubs and sinks, as well as poor flushing toilets
- Persistent sewage backups
- Sewage odors
- Presence of waste liquid near septic system
Septic Tank Care
Regular septic tank pump-out is necessary for sludge and scum removal. The frequency at which one ought to pump out the septic tank is contingent with the original volume of the tank. Regular septic tank pump-out counteracts each and every of the above mentioned troubles and extends the performance of the system. Septic tank pump-out is advised to hand over to licensed Dallas plumbers with the right equipment to flush tanks without harming the system or environment. Septic tank inspections can go a long way at detecting and resolving hidden malfunctions before they plug the system.